Friedrich Martin Bodenstedt

* 22.04.1819 in Peine; ✝ 18.04.1892 in Wiesbaden




The son of a brewer in Peine near Hannover, he was born on 22nd April 1819.  He was to begin with education by a family tutor, and after attending a commercial college in Brunswick he became an apprentice merchant. Later he studied history and foreign languages at the University of Göttingen and was family tutor in the home of Duke Gallitzin in Moscow between 1840 and 1843. After a sojourn in Tblisi as grammar-school teacher for Latin and French he returned to Germany in 1845 and was appointed Professor of Slavic Languages and Literature at Munich in 1854. In 1867he took over the direction of the Court Theatre and the Court ensemble in Meiningen, posts accompanied by his elevation to the nobility. He was active in this position until 1874 and lived from 1878 onwards in Wiesbaden. Between 1881 and 1888 he was the editor of the Berlin newspaper Tägliche Rundschau. He died on the 18th April 1892 in Wiesbaden.

Bodenstedt’s first work Die Lieder des Mirza Schaffy (1851) was a great success, being reprinted 264 times by 1917.  In addition he was a prominent translator of Persian poets and Russian authors (inter alia Puschkin, Raskow, Turgenew).  He also made a name for himself as Shakespeare critic and translator.  Along with translations of the plays (1871), his translation of the sonnets (1862) won great acclaim.

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Citation and Licence

Bodenstedt, Friedrich Martin, in: The Digital Shakespeare Memorial Album. Edited by Christa Jansohn. URI: (Accessed on 30.05.2024)

This text is published under the following licence: CC BY-ND 3.0 DE. Digitzed media reproduced with the permission of the library of Birmingham.

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